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[Animals] A "historic" decision to protect sharks at the Endangered Animals Conference


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The value of the shark fin market, which is centered in Hong Kong, exceeds half a billion dollars annually, and the price of a kilogram of fins in East Asia may reach a thousand dollars, and it is also used in preparing a very popular soup in traditional Chinese cuisine.

 

(FILES) In this file photo taken on January 21, 2018, a baby hammerhead shark swims after being released by the Galapagos National Park research team where a shark nursery was discovered along the coast of Santa Cruz Island in Galapagos, Ecuador. - Delegates at a global summit on trade on Friday November 25, 2022, approved the protection of 50 more shark species, a move that could drastically reduce the lucrative and cruel shark fin trade. One of the most hotly debated proposals of the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) summit Panama, the proposal was adopted by consensus on the final day of the meeting. (Photo by Pablo COZZAGLIO / AFP)

 

Yesterday, the Conference on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) took a historic decision to extend its protection to about 50 species of sharks threatened by the fin trade, the main ingredient in a popular soup in Asia.

On the last day of the 19th CITES Conference (COP-19) in Panama, delegates from 183 countries and the European Union decided - in plenary session - to organize the fishing of 54 species of requiem and hammerhead sharks.

These sharks have been included in Appendix II of the Convention, which strictly limits the trade of certain species despite the reservations expressed by Japan regarding the protection granted to blue sharks, considering that they are not a threatened species.

 

(FILES) In this file photo taken on February 11, 2022, a lemon shark, from the Carcharhinidae family, swims towards a group of divers and a bait box surround, followed by fish looking to get a bite of the sharks food, during a shark dive off of Jupiter, Florida, US. - Delegates at a global summit on trade on Friday November 25, 2022, approved the protection of 50 more shark species, a move that could drastically reduce the lucrative and cruel shark fin trade. One of the most hotly debated proposals of the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) summit Panama, the proposal was adopted by consensus on the final day of the meeting. (Photo by Joseph Prezioso / AFP)

 

The most controversial decision
Shark protection, requested by the European Union and 15 countries, including Panama, was the most controversial decision at the summit, which began on November 14. It became the main issue over the course of the discussions, and many delegations placed teddy bears on their desks.

Panama's Shirley Bender said sharks that would benefit from CITES protection represent "about 90 percent of the market" for shark fins.

The value of the shark fin market - which is centered in Hong Kong - exceeds half a billion dollars annually, and the price of one kilogram of fins in East Asia may reach a thousand dollars, and it is also used in preparing a very popular soup in traditional Chinese cuisine.

(FILES) In this file photo taken on February 11, 2022, a lemon shark, from the Carcharhinidae family, swims towards a group of divers and a bait box surround, followed by fish looking to get a bite of the shark's food, during a shark dive off of Jupiter, Florida, US. - Delegates at a global summit on trade on Friday November 25, 2022, approved the protection of 50 more shark species, a move that could drastically reduce the lucrative and cruel shark fin trade. One of the most hotly debated proposals of the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) summit in Panama, the proposal was adopted by consensus on the final day of the meeting. (Photo by Joseph Prezioso / AFP)
The value of the shark fin market exceeds half a billion dollars annually (French)
A day that will be remembered
These species are not threatened with extinction, but they may become so if trade in them is not strictly controlled. As for Annex I, trade in these species is completely prohibited.

 

(FILES) In this file photo taken on June 16, 2022, shark fins are pictured at a fishing port in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. - Delegates at a global summit on trade on Friday November 25, 2022, approved the protection of 50 more shark species, a move that could drastically reduce the lucrative and cruel shark fin trade. One of the most hotly debated proposals of the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) summit Panama, the proposal was adopted by consensus on the final day of the meeting. (Photo by CHAIDEER MAHYUDDIN / AFP)

 


In a statement, the NGO Wildlife Conservation Society said, "Today will be remembered as the day we reversed course, to prevent the extinction of sharks and rays."

“This historic listing of around 100 heavily traded species will lead to the adoption of conservation measures at the national level that these species urgently need. A critical next step will be to implement these lists, and ensure that they are translated into stronger measures, to manage trade and fisheries at the earliest. time".

 

(FILES) In this file photo taken on June 16, 2022, shark fins are pictured at a fishing port in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. - Delegates at a global summit on trade on Friday November 25, 2022, approved the protection of 50 more shark species, a move that could drastically reduce the lucrative and cruel shark fin trade. One of the most hotly debated proposals of the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) summit in Panama, the proposal was adopted by consensus on the final day of the meeting. (Photo by CHAIDEER MAHYUDDIN / AFP)
These species are not threatened with extinction, but they may become so if their trade is not strictly controlled (French)
100 million sharks are killed annually
According to Joaquín de la Torre, Director of Latin America and the Caribbean at the International Fund for Animal Welfare, "Sharks and rays are now the most endangered group of species, even more threatened than elephants and big cats."

He added - in a statement to Agence France-Presse - that "the international demand for their fins and meat caused a significant decrease in their numbers around the world, as it is estimated that more than 100 million sharks are killed every year in fisheries, twice the number that remains from them." possible to conserve the species.

 

British delegate Vin Fleming chairs the final session of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) summit at the Panama City Convention Center on November 24, 2022. (Photo by Luis Acosta / AFP)
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora concluded Friday in Panama (French).
The Conference of the Parties is organized every two or three years, and this year was held in light of two other United Nations conferences that are also important for living species in the world, namely the 27th Conference of the Parties (COP 27) on climate, which concluded last Sunday in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, and the 15th Conference of the Parties on the conservation of diversity. Biological, which will be organized in Montreal next December.

 

https://www.aljazeera.net/science/2022/11/26/مؤتمر-سايتس-بصدد-اتخاذ-قرارات-بشأن

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